A new meta-analysis and systemic review was undertaken to determine the association between eating fish and fish oil supplementation and hip fractures.
10 studies (3 case control and 7 prospective studies) were included in the systemic review and 9 studies with almost 293,000 participants were included in the meta-analysis. Participants were 20 years and older.
Adding the effect sizes from 4 prospective studies and 2 case control studies researchers found a significant inverse association between the risk of hip fractures and fish oil consumption. The prospective studies had a sample size of at least 10,000 participants. The researchers found a significant inverse relationship between hip fractures and fish oil consumption even when body mass index was a covariant.
Researchers concluded that fish consumption as well as dietary intake of Omega 3 Essential Fatty Acids may have a protective effect on bone health and also the decline in hip fracture risks.
Further studies are warranted.
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