A new review has found that a reduction in the time spent in the hospital and a reduction in the risk of complications was seen in open heart surgery patients supplementing Omega-3 Essential Fatty Acids daily.
19 randomized, controlled trials were reviewed. Reductions of 1.4 days in the length of time spent in the hospital as well as a 22% reduction in the incidence of Post-Operative Atrial Fibrillation (POAF) were seen. Dosages of 2 grams/day were best for reducing arrhythmias. Researchers did acknowledge that the shorter recovery time could be due to the reduction in POAF. However the researchers strongly felt the findings of this meta-analysis show promise for using Omega-3 Essential Fatty Acids as a perioperative therapy (therapy given before, during and after a surgical procedure).
Researchers concluded that it would make sense for patients exposed to extra-corporeal circulation (circulation of the blood outside the body, as through a heart lung machine) to experience stronger systemic inflammatory response syndrome since they come into contact with blood with non-endothelial surfaces. The Omega-3 Essential Fatty Acids showed a positive impact on systemic inflammation reduction, the reductions seen in POAF, the shorter lengths of hospitals stays as well as other unknown improvements in clinical outcomes.
Larger scale, well designed, randomized, controlled trials are needed.
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