New research published in Hypertension shows a high Omega-3 Index, which is a newly established risk measure for heart disease, may be inversely related to Blood Pressure levels in healthy young adults. This newest study supports a meta-analysis done in 2014 which concluded Blood-Pressure-Lowing effects could be associated with Omega-3 Essential Fatty Acids.
Over 2000 healthy adults, ages 25 through 41 participated in this study. Individuals with a BMI (body mass index) over 35 kg/m, cardiovascular disease and diabetes were excluded from the study. The average Omega-3 index was 4.58%. When compared with participants in the lowest Omega-3 index quartile, participants in the highest Omega-3 index quartile had SBP (systolic blood pressure) that was 4 mmHg lower and DBP (diastolic blood pressure) that was 2 mmHg lower. Additionally the difference in blood pressure was seen with only a 2% difference in the Omega-3 index (3.8% vs 5.8%) which suggests the effects seen may have been greater if the Omega-3 index had been higher. For overall health and reductions in the risk of premature death, the Omega-3 index sets the ideal standard for Omega-3 between 8% and 12%.
For this study a unique tool was used for testing Omega-3 levels. A blood test, called the Omega-3 index, tests the level of Omega-3 levels in red blood cells with a single drop of blood. A campaign called the Omega-3 project has also been established to aid in raising awareness, among physicians and their patients, about the health ramifications of low Omega-3 levels.
The American Heart Association believes over 100 million people, nearly half of all adults, in the United States currently have High Blood Pressure which puts them at an increased risk of heart attacks and strokes.
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